Manganese dioxide

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Manganese dioxide

Manganese(IV) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula MnO
2
. This blackish or brown solid occurs naturally as the mineral pyrolusite, which is the main ore of manganese and a component of manganese nodules. The principal use for MnO
2
 is for dry-cell batteries, such as the alkaline battery and the zinc-carbon battery.MnO
2
 is also used as a pigment and as a precursor to other manganese compounds, such as KMnO
4
. It is used as a reagent in organic synthesis, for example, for the oxidation of allylic alcoholsMnO
2
 in the α polymorph can incorporate a variety of atoms (as well as water molecules) in the “tunnels” or “channels” between the manganese oxide octahedra. There is considerable interest in α-MnO
2
 as a possible cathode for lithium ion batteries.

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