Citric acid or ink is one of the organic acids found in fruits such as lemongrass and orange. It has a crystalline or white powder appearance with the chemical formula C 6 H 8 O 7 .This acid is divided into two groups: dry citric acid and 1 monohydrate citric acid.
Properties of Citric Acid
- Citric acid is a non-transparent, odorless, sour-tasting crystalline substance.
- Citric acid is a flammable material.
- Non-toxic buffering material
Indications for Citric Acid
- About 70% of this acid and its salts are used in the food industry.
- Citric acid and its salts are used in making anticoagulant solutions such as Tri-sodium citrate, which prevents blood coagulation through the formation of calcium ion complexes and is used for patients who have severe bleeding after an accident.
- Anhydrous and monohydrate citric acid are also used in formulation of hygienic and cosmetic products.